Pupillary Distance

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Pupillary Distance (PD)

Understand how to measure PD yourself in quick easy steps:

Measure PD yourself in quick easy steps

What is Pupillary Distance (PD)?

Pupillary Distance alias PD is the distance from the centre of the pupil of one eye to the other. PD is necessary for getting eyeglasses, to correct your vision. The measurement plays a vital part in determining correct positioning of your lenses within the frame. Especially, when you are looking for bifocal or multifocal lenses, PD is mandatory.

How to measure PD yourself?

What do you need?

You simply require:

Ruler Ruler (mm)
Mirror Mirror


  • Stand in front of the mirror, around 8 inches away
  • Keep your head straight and hold a millimetre ruler horizontally on the bridge of your nose
  • The 0 mm point of the ruler should be in line with the centre of the left pupil (the black dot which you can see inside your eyeball)
  • Measure across, from the centre of left pupil to the centre of right pupil. Make sure you hold the ruler steadily. The measurement which you get is your pupillary distance
  • Repeat the above step 3, 4 times constantly, so that you get the accurate measurement

That's it, your PD is ready.

Things to note:

  • Usually in case of bifocal or multifocal lenses, two PD will be required. It is better to get PD recommended from your eye doctor / eye care professional
  • The range of PD for adult is 54 - 74 mm and for kid is 43 - 54 mm

Understanding Single and Dual PD

Single PD, scientifically known as monocular PD, is the measurement from the centre of each pupil to the nose bridge.

Dual PD, scientifically known as binocular PD, is the total distance measurement between your pupils.

Monocular PD or Binocular PD, what to opt?

Monocular PD is mostly recommended for more accurate PD. Since both our eyes are generally asymmetrical. Not both the eyes will be at an equal distance from the nose of the bridge. For eg: If the total binocular distance is 58 mm, it is not necessary that it will be equidistant on both sides. From one eye to the nose bridge it might be 31 mm while other it might be 27 mm. This can get the PD wrong. Monocular PD helps to get accurate measurement, especially for crafting progressive lenses.

With your PD and prescription, you can order perfect pair of glasses at Framesbuy and enjoy enhanced vision.

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